More than two decades of protracted conflict in northern Uganda had an extremely negative impact on the livelihoods of the people of Lango Sub-Region.
The conflict had a serious impact on social and economic structures in the sub region and displacing more than 500,000 people into Internally Displaced Person's (IDP) camps at the height of the war which ended in 2006. With the return of the displaced communities back to their homesteads, rebuilding of livelihoods commenced and this prompted livelihood program to be born in 2009 to address the livelihoods sector which was paralyzed by the war.
It started with two extension staff and only one donor supporting the program and grew up to 25 extension staff supported by over 1600 grassroots volunteer Community Peace Promoters (CPPs) and 7 donors
Our main strategic focus is 'to improve household food and income security for sustainable livelihoods in Longo region, Northern Uganda' with focus on six (6) thematic areas of; Food and Nutrition Security, Creation of sustainable sources of incomes, Promotion of Savings and Capital mobilization through Village Savings and Loans Associations (VSLA) , Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Collaborative marketing and Value addition and Disaster risk reduction/Climate Change Adaptation/Ecosystem Management and restoration.
Our Livelihood work targets vulnerable women, unemployed youth, peasant farmers, persons with disabilities and children regardless of their religion, ethnicity, gender, or political affiliation and we have directly reached out to 6,000 youth, 8,861 peasant farmers, 5,700 women, 6,72 persons with disabilities and 1,500 children clustered in to about 758 groups and about 300,000 people indirectly through our livelihood interventions across seven (7) districts of Lango region (i.e. Kole, Oyam, Amolatar, Dokolo, Alebtong, Otuke and Lira districts).
We also believe that a household is a single unit that needs more than one service; therefore, we also render social and human rights services through our sister programs within FAPAD to holistically address the household challenges.
In delivering our focus, we use four (4) main activities of;
- Skills enhancement: (entrepreneurial / agribusiness, non-formal vocational, agronomy and animal husbandry management skills)
- Provision of startup inputs to practice the learned skills, set and run businesses
- Information sharing at grassroot communities and within the wide spectrum of policy stakeholders at different levels.
- Collaboration with local authorities and agencies like; Lango Food Security and Nutrition Cluster (LFSNC), Local artisans/business operators, private sector, financial, research and Agro Business Technical
Vocational Education and Training (BTVET) Institutions. The collaboration with private sector, LFSNC, local authorities, local artisans, research, financial and Agro BTVETs among others is tremendous in offering our trainings, coaching and mentorship and internship opportunities for our target groups, as well as accessing information and inputs support.
As a result of our livelihood interventions in Lango:
- 91% of the targeted farmer households have their saving cultures improved through active engagement in their VSLA groups and are able to save and access credit from within their savings to operate small businesses, pay medical bills, school fees and buy household productive assets;
- 07% are food secure and are able to eat at least two meals a day compared to the past;
- 98% have adopted improved farming practices like post-harvest handling, farming as a business, crops agronomy and livestock management practices and they are able to carry out analysis of farm accounts and records on their own, plant their crops in rows, call for veterinary services on their own including proper land preparation, spacing, timely weeding among others
- 91% of the targeted youth are self- employed and are able to engage in their own businesses and joining the labor market due to the technical skills attained.
Communities have developed and improved their potentials along value chains of production, processing, bulking for effective commercialization of their produce/products.
Communities are better able to recognize climate change/disaster risk hazards and their likely disastrous effects and are prepared for such occurrences.
Revolving of some inputs, cost-sharing on inputs (cash or kind) and sub granting best performing groups including integration of VSLA methodology in to our target groups are key strategies used in a bid to reach out to many beneficiary households - ensure sustainability and commitment and to build financial confidence of the groups.
My family was displaced by LRA in 2004 and got settled at Barlonyo Camp in Ogur Sub County Lira district till 2008 when peace started prevailing in Lango. When I return home in 2008, I found all my properties looted and destroyed by the LIRA rebels and was very difficult for me to restore them being a widow and taking care of 6 children but when I joined FAPAD in 2012 under Aweeican farmer group in Adwoa Parish, Ogur Sub County I became the most active member within the group and my saving culture and agriculture skills improved and now l am food secure and able to pay school fees for my children, pay for medical bills, buy dietary needs and acquire basic and productive assets for my family, thank you FAPAD for rebuilding me and my family - Akao Rose.
Current projects supporting the Livelihood Department programmes
- 2017-2021 Improved sustainable household livelihoods in Lango Sub-region through collaborative interventions by cluster partners, strategic Impact Zones targeting and Environmental resilient programming funded Broederlijk Delen (BD/DGD).
- 2016-2017 Conservation and sustainable use of the threatened Savanna woodland in the Kidepo critical landscape in North Eastern Uganda by National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) and United Nations Development Program (UNDP). 2017 Rebuilding Livelihood Security and Institutional Development.
The past projects which supported the program
2014-2016 Enhanced household food security and incomes in Lango region funded by lnterchurch Cooperation (ICCO) and BD/DGD.
2010-2015 Creation of sustainable sources of income for the disadvantaged population groups in Oyam, Kole and Amolatar districts funded by the European Union with components of on farm and off farm value chain activities.
- 2013-2014 Rebuilding household Livelihood Security in Lango Sub region funded by Trocaire-DFID.
- 2013-2015 Partners for Resilience funded by CARE international in Uganda.
- 2013-2016 'Agri-skills for Youth' funded by the Royal Embassy of Netherlands through CARE international in Uganda.
- Interim programs of 2015-2016 from Trocaire Uganda on people living in poverty in Lango, Northern Uganda, especially women have secured land rights, sustainable and resilient livelihoods.
- 2016-2016 Enhanced entrepreneurial and leadership skills of war affected youth in Amolatar district funded by Uganda Fund, Gulu.
- 2016-2016 Increasing access to non-formal education, life skills, resources and vocational training in Alebtong and Otuke district funded by War Child Holland in partnership with European Union.
- 2011-2013 Increasing household incomes and promotion of equity in Lango funded by BD/DGD.
- 2010-2012 Improvement of food and income security in Lango funded by ICCO in Alito and Amach sub counties.